Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBV) Scheme was launched by Government of India to make the education system more responsive to the needs of marginalised girls and to enhance their access and retention. Under the scheme, residential schools for girls at upper primary levels were set up in the Educationally Backward Block (EBB) s, towns and minority concentrated areas all over the country. The scheme provides upper primary level education for girls in the age group of 10-14 years belonging to Scheduled Castes (SC), Scheduled Tribes (ST), Other Backward Classes (OBC), Minority communities and children of families of Below Poverty Line (BPL).
In Assam, KGBV scheme was introduced in the year 2007-2008. Since inception till the year 2017-18, altogether 67 nos. of KGBVs have been opened with a total coverage of 4297 Nos. of children in 66 EBBs and 1 town in 28 districts of Assam.
Selection of Children
Eligibility criteria for enrolment:
At the primary level the emphasis is on the slightly older girls, who are out of school and were unable to complete primary schools (10+). However, in difficult areas (migratory populations, scattered habitations that do not qualify for primary /upper primary schools) younger girls can be targeted. At the upper primary level, emphasis is to enroll girls, especially adolescent girls who are unable to go to regular schools. The main thrust of the scheme is to provide access at upper primary level to disadvantaged sections of girls in EBBs, who have remained outside the educational system despite interventions of other government programmes, due to persistent socio economic, cultural and topographical reasons.
In view of the targeted nature of the scheme, 75% of the enrolment would be for girls from SC, ST, OBC or minority communities, in such residential schools and only thereafter, 25% girls from families below the poverty line are admitted. Priority given to girls with special needs. Girls from Access-less habitations (non-availability of primary schooling facility within 1 km distance), and girls from villages where upper primary schooling facility is not available within 3 km distance.
Admission starts from 15 days before beginning of the new academic session. Late applications considered only in case of availability of vacancy. For the second year, girls enrolled in KGBV in the first year are given preference.
Deciding the appropriate class:
A pre test to assess the learning levels of girls is carried out to place them in the appropriate grades. Depending upon the competencies of the girls, they are enrolled in class VI, VII or VIII. The girls, who require individual attention to reach up to the level of VI the standard, are given bridging programmes.
Strategies for identification of Target Group of girls:
List of out of school/ dropout girls is prepared for the block. VEC meeting are organized at village level to motivate parents and create awareness within the community for promoting girls education; Door to door campaigns are held to contact parents of target group. Motivation camps are organized to convince the parents and family to bring girls to residential schools for continuing their education.
Activities conducted in KGBVs
Evaluation of Learners done as per formal school system i.e. quarterly (four evaluation in a year).
Appeared : 1,711
Passed : 1,344
1st division : 187
2nd division : 701
3rd division : 456
List of KGBV centers, 2018
|Sl. No.||District||Name of KGBV/Block||Total Enrolment|
|27||Dima Hasao||New Sambar||59|
|57||South Salmara||South Salmara||50|
|66||West Karbi Anglong||Amri||57|
|67||West Karbi Anglong||Socheng||61|
|Total Enrolment :||4,297|
|List of KGBV.xlsx||14.68 KB|
|List of Materials.xlsx||13.02 KB|
|List of Staff.docx||13.29 KB|
|List of Departments agencies.docx||11.66 KB|
|FUND and KGBV norms 2015-16.pdf||4.62 MB|
|Guideline for implementation KGBV.pdf||585.61 KB|
|KGBV Report 2016.pdf||1.12 MB|
|KGBV Report Handball.pdf||572.11 KB|