Axom Sarba Siksha Abhiyan Mission (A.S.S.A.M) was established in the year 2001 as a registered society under the Registration of Societies Act, 1860 for implementation of Sarva Siksha Abhiyan (SSA) in Assam. Providing education to all children of the age group 6-14 years has been a directive principle of the Constitution of India. For achieving the goal of Universalisation of Elementary Education (UEE), the Constitutional obligation (86th Amendment Act) of providing free and compulsory education for all children in the age group of 6-14 years and the formulation of National Policy of Education 1996 (NPE), Government of India launched a number of schemes and programmes. These included Operation Black Board (OBB), Shiksha Karmi Project (SKP), Andhra Pradesh Primary Education Project (APPEP), Bihar Education Project (BEP), U.P Basic Education Project (UPBEP), Mahila Samakhya (MS), Lok Jumbish Project, Teacher Education Scheme (TES), which put in place a decentralized system of teacher support through District Institutes of Education and Training (DIET) and District Primary Education Programme (DPEP). In the year 2000- 01, Sarba Siksha Abhiyan (SSA) was launched through out the country for ensuring Universalisation of Elementary Education.
In Assam, Axom Sarba Siksha Abhiyan Mission (A.S.S.A.M) has been implementing the National flagship programme of Sarba Siksha Abhiyan (SSA) with the basic objectives of :
With the enactment of the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009 (RTE) and the Act coming into force from 1st April, 2010 across the country, Axom Sarba Siksha Abhiyan Mission along with SCERT and Directorate of Elementary Education, Assam has been notified as the “Implementing Authority of the Act”. SSA provides for a variety of interventions, including inter-alia, opening of new schools, special training centres, construction of schools and additional classrooms, toilets and drinking water facilities, provisioning for teachers, periodic teacher training and academic resource support and textbooks and support for learning. These provisions need to be aligned with the legally mandated norms and standards and free entitlements mandated by the RTE Act. The Act provides a justifiable legal framework that entitles all children in the age group of 6-14 years, free and compulsory admission, attendance and completion of elementary education. It provides for children’s right to an education of reasonably good quality, based on principles of equity and nondiscrimination.